What Are the Different Types of Knee Replacement Surgery?
There are several types of knee replacement surgery. At Joint Replacement Center by Ortomedica, our team of expert surgeons can help you decide exactly which procedure is right for your particular case.
Total Knee Replacement
TKR surgery involves the replacement of degraded cartilage on both sides of the knee joint
with an artificial prosthesis, which are made of metal alloys and high-grade plastics.
Depending on the particular case, the surgeon may choose a cemented or uncemented prosthesis. This simply means that he can use a special kind of fast-drying bone cement, or use a textured attachment that allows the bone to grow permanently into the artificial joint. Factors which might affect this decision might be the patient’s weight, or their level of physical activity.
Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty
UKA is similar to total knee replacement, in that it affects both sides of the knee joint. But there is a major difference. In UKA, only one of the three compartments of the joint, rather than the whole cartilage on either side is replaced with a prosthesis. This procedure is often ideal for patients over 75 years of age, as it has a faster recovery time and less post-operative pain.
Patellofemoral Joint Replacement
This method of partial knee replacement is a less invasive surgical option which involves
resurfacing the back of the kneecap and the front of the thighbone. This procedure keeps more of the natural knee in place, so the knee should function more naturally after healing.
Navigation Assisted Knee Replacement
When performing a knee replacement surgery, it is important to ensure your prosthesis is properly aligned, in order to facilitate its natural movement. Using a computer-assisted navigation system, your surgeon can now achieve the kind of pin-point precision that would be impossible with the naked eye.
Robot-Assisted Knee Replacement
The benefits of robot-assisted knee replacement are similar to navigation-assisted systems. But the outcomes are even more precise. Robots can ensure that instruments can only move along one plane, making it impossible to ‘miss the mark.’
Starting next year, Joint Replacement Center by Ortomedica will begin using its brand new, state-of-the-art MAKO robot, to provide you with better, more precisely aligned surgeries to ensure the best possible outcome for your procedure.